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 Abortion Non-Discrimination Act (ANDA)
 Assisted Suicide
 Born-Alive Infants Protection Act
 Child Custody Protection Act/CIANA
 Conscience Protection
 District of Columbia Abortion Funding
 Embryo/Fetal Research
 Federal Employees' Health Benefits (FEHB)
 Fetal Tissue Research
 Freedom of Access to Clinic Entrances (FACE)
 Freedom of Choice Act (FOCA)
 Health Care Reform
 Human Cloning
 Human Life Amendment
 Hyde Amendment
 Medical Training Non-Discrimination (ACGME)
 Mexico City Policy
 Military Abortion Policy
 Morning-After Pill
 Parental Involvement
 Partial-Birth Abortion
 Prison Abortion Funding
 Project Life and Liberty
 RU-486: Chemically Induced Abortion
 Stem Cell Research
 Terri Schiavo Dies
 Umbilical Cord Blood Banks
 Unborn Victims of Violence Act
 United Nations Population Fund (UNFPA)

Freedom of Choice Act (FOCA)

As introduced in the 110th Congress, the “Freedom of Choice Act”(FOCA) (S. 1173, H.R. 1964) declares that it is the policy of the United States that every woman has the “fundamental right” to terminate a pregnancy. The act prohibits government at every level (federal, state, and local) from “interfering” with a woman’s right to choose, and from “discriminating” against the exercise of this right.

FOCA is a radical bill. For the first time, the right to abortion would become an entitlement the government must condone and support. FOCA would have an unprecedented impact on society’s ability to limit or regulate abortion and would overturn a broad range of existing laws.

FOCA was first introduced in 1989. Abortion groups feared that the Supreme Court was retreating from its 1973 Roe v. Wade abortion decision and began the drive to establish an even more expansive right to abortion on statutory grounds.

FOCA embodies the public policy goals of pro-abortion groups. These groups will promote the bill’s passage directly, and advance its agenda by working to reverse pro-life laws one at a time. Federal elected officials should be urged to oppose FOCA or any similar bill, and to retain laws against the funding and promotion of abortion.

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